How to save water in Bijapu: What to know about water conservation
More than 70 percent of the drinking water in the state of Bihar is sourced from groundwater, according to a report released by the Water Resources Board.
The board estimates that about 30 percent of households have no access to water.
The report, titled Bijapaur Water Supply, highlights the challenges faced by households and businesses in the drought-stricken state, which is plagued by droughts, landslides and floods.
The board, which comprises nine regional boards and the Central Water Board, is trying to address some of the issues by improving the quality of water supply in the country.
The report calls for improved communication and cooperation between stakeholders.
In the report, the board says that the availability of drinking water is a key driver for a sustainable society, and that in Bihar, water scarcity is a major challenge for all.
It says that a total of 23.6 percent of Bihar households, or roughly 8.2 million people, have no water supply.
Another 3.3 million have no running water, and more than 1.5 million have water running but not sufficient to meet the needs of the residents.
It is estimated that the average water usage in Bihar is around one litre per day.
The water supply is provided to approximately 1.4 million households in rural areas, but only 1.2 percent of these households have access to a water supply that meets their needs.
In rural areas and the rural pockets, water is provided in limited quantities.
The majority of the population is in the towns and the cities.
Bihar is the poorest state in India.
It has the second highest water consumption in the world after West Bengal, and the fourth lowest water use per capita, behind only Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.